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APA Style Guide for Citations and Student Papers: Online Resources

Changes New to the 7th ed.

  • Up to 20 authors can be listed individually, rather than using et al.
  • Do not include "Retrieved from" before a URL 


Online article

Wu, J. (2020, January 16). Does social media cause depression? Scientific American.

Online government publication

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Alcohol use and your health.

Online video

Bozeman Science. (2019, July 16). Asking scientific questions [Video]. YouTube.

Online book

Fitzgerald, F. S. (1920). This side of paradise.

Article with no publication date

Remembering the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire. (n.d.).


TechCrunch [@TechCrunch]. (2016, October 11). Google's Project Fi gets a group plan by @Fredericl [Tweet]. Twitter.

For EDUC 1300/Career Research Essay

Example for an Occupational Outlook Handbook citation

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2020). High school teachers. In Occupational outlook handbook.  

Example of Texas Reality Check citation

Texas Workforce Commission Labor Market & Career Information Department. (2016). Total expenses [Personalized expenses results].

Example of O*Net citation

U. S. Department of Labor. (2019). Accountants. O*Net Online.

Example of CareerOneStop citation

U. S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. (n.d.) Registered nurses. Careeronestop. Retrieved on March 5, 2021 from,%20TX

Example of VolunteerMatch citation

RSVP of Southeast Texas. (2020, February 4). Helping a young mind. VolunteerMatch.

Example of CNN Money Cost of Living Comparison

CNN Money. (2021, January). Cost of living: How far will my salary go in another city? [Cost of living comparison].


Missing information?

Creating citations for web articles or webpages can be challenging. This is because there are far fewer standards for putting information on the internet, than there are for works that go through traditional publishing channels.

You may find that articles you find online are often missing authors and publication dates. Here is what to do.

  • If there are no individuals listed as the author, and the website belongs to an organization or government agency, the organization or government agency might be appropriate to include in the author field.
  • If there is not a clear author, leave the field blank. Your citation will start with the work's title.
  • If there is no publication date, put n.d.

There is a connection between lack of information about a resource and the quality of that resource. If you find that you are missing more than one piece of information, go back and evaluate your resource for quality.

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