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Originally grown as a food crop for animals, it is increasingly used for human consumption in cooking oils and margarine, as a flour, soya milk, soy sauce, or processed into tofu, miso, or textured vegetable protein.
The "nuts" of sweet-almond varieties are eaten raw or roasted and are pressed to obtain almond oil. Bitter-almond varieties also yield oil, from which the poisonous prussic acid is removed in the extraction process. Almond oil is used for flavoring, in soaps and cosmetics, and medicinally as a demulcent.
This three-sided nut (Bertholletia excelsa) with a hard, dark shell grows in bunches of from one to more than two dozen nuts inside coconut-like shells (called cocos in Portuguese) on evergreens that tower over the Amazon rain forest.
The term “hazelnut” has been used so interchangeably with “filbert” that the two are sometimes listed as synonymous in dictionaries - and no wonder, because they appear as practically identical, have the same sweet taste, and grow on shrubs or trees that are members of the birch family.
Common name for the Cruciferae, a large family chiefly of herbs of north temperate regions. The easily distinguished flowers of the Cruciferae have four petals arranged diagonally ( "cruciform" ) and alternating with the four sepals.
A North American nut (actually a kind of hickory nut) sometimes said to be a native of Oklahoma, the pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is really indigenous to an area extending from the U.S. Midwest throughout the South and Southwest into Mexico - a region where it still grows wild today.