Book with Single Author
Bruice, Paula Yurkanis. 2017. Organic Chemistry. Harlow, Essex: Pearland Education Ltd.
(Bruice 2017, 85-87)
Book with Two Authors
Buchanan, Heidi, E. and Beth A. McDonough. 2017. The One-Shot Library Instruction Survival Guide. Chicago: American Library Association.
(Buchanan and McDonough 2017, 110)
Book with Multiple Authors
For a book with Four or More Authors, include all the authors in the reference list. In the text, only mention the first author listed followed by et al.
Simon, Eric, Jean Dickey, Kelly Hogan, and Jane Reece. 2016. Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology. Boston: Pearson.
(Simon et al. 2016, 12)
Chapter or part of an Edited Book
In the reference list, include the page range for the chapter or part. In the text, cite specific pages.
Thoreau, Henry David. 2016. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.
(Thoreau 2016, 177–78)
For e-books, include a URL or the name of the database (If it is from a library subscription database).
For other types of e-books, name the format. If no page numbers are available, cite a section title, a chapter, or other number in the text if any (or omit).
E-books from a Subscription Database
Li, Tim and Pang-chi Hsu. 2018. Fundamentals of Tropical Climate Dynamics. New York: Springer, Cham. SpringerLink EPUB.
(Tim and Hsu 2018, 10)
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.
(Kurland and Lerner 1987, chap. 10, doc. 19)
The following examples illustrate the Author-Date System used mostly in the field of Sciences & Social Sciences.
Sources are cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name, year of publication and page numbers if needed. It is called in-text citation.
Full bibliographic information is provided at the end of the paper – usually titled ‘References’ or ‘Work Cited’
Cohen, Michael D. 2017. “School for Suffrage: The American Woman's Republic.” The Good Society 25 (2-3): 209-230. JSTOR.
Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. 2017. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring): 1–34. https://doi.org/10.1086/690235.
(Cohen 2017, 220)
(Keng et al. 2017, 23)
Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the Reference list. In the text, list only the first, followed by et al. For more than ten authors list the first seven in the Reference list followed by et al.
Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. 2017. “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures.” American Naturalist 189, (5): 463–73. https://doi.org/10.1086/691233.
(Bay et al. 2017, 466).
News or Magazine Article
Kolata, Gina. 2017. “How to Lower Your Blood Pressure.” New York Times, November 15, 2017. https://nyti.ms/2hBn2Qv.
Murphy, John. 2017. “Health Dept. goes to Court to Keep Medical Marijuana Panelists' Identities a Secret.” Patriot-News, September 29, 2017, Newspaper Source.
Thesis or Dissertation
Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. 2013. “King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues.” PhD diss.,University of Chicago.
(Rutz 2013, 99–100)
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