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Chicago Manual of Style: Online Resources

"Find It. Write It. Cite It." The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is primarily used in the areas of history, art and government and social sciences

Citing Online Resources

This section focuses on examples of Online Resources in Notes-Bibliography Style and Author-Date Style

1. Provide sufficient information in order to locate the electronic resource (DOI or URL)

2. While access dates are not required for formally published electronic sources (journal articles), they can be useful for informally published electronic sources or may be required for by some disciplines for all informally and formally published electronic sources. (Please consult with your instructor)

Notes-Bibliography Style - Examples



“Campus Life,” Stanford University, accessed November 13, 2017,

Shortened note

Stanford University, “Campus Life.”

Bibliography (in alphabetical order)

Stanford University. “Campus Life.” Accessed November 13, 2017.

Author-Date Style - Examples



Dalio, Ray. 2017. “How to Build a Company Where the Best Ideas win.” Filmed April 2017 at TED2017. Video, 16:33.                                    

Stanford University. n.d. “Campus Life.” Accessed November 16, 2017.

Blog or Blog Post


FROMTHELABSBLOG. 2017. “How Estrogen Regulates Gene Expression.” From the Lab (blog), Baylor College of Medicine. November 21, 2017.

Social Media Content


American Library Association. 2017. “There's a lot of news going around about #NetNeutrality this week - here's what you need to know.” Facebook, November 21, 2017.


Obama, Michelle (@MichelleObama). 2017. “I'm so excited about what's coming up at the @ObamaFoundation. These young people have so much to contribute–and the work is only beginning.” Twitter, September 13, 2017, 7:22 a.m.

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