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Science Information Cycle: Grey Literature


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Need Additional Science Information?

Consider Grey Literature. Please drag and drop words to their appropriate places below.


What is Grey literature?

  • contains preliminary data and new/untested ideas
  • is not peer-reviewed, refereed or held to rigorous standards
  • is intended for a small audience
  • is often published by non-traditional publishers (museum publications, internal publications, etc.)

Grey literature formats include (but are not limited to):

  • Conference proceedings
  • Poster sessions
  • Abstracts of presented talks
  • Dissertations/theses
  • Pre-prints

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