Scientists have many options for sharing information.
|Conference Proceedings||Presented immediately, sometimes published 1-2 years later||Possible peer-review||Limited record, often only abstract|
|Listserv/Email||Immediately shared||No formal peer-review process||No formal preservation|
|Blog Posting||Immediately shared||No formal peer-review process||No formal preservation|
|Pre-print Database||Immediately shared||No formal peer-review process||Depends on database server and procedures|
|Scholarly Journal||Timely but not immediate, avg 3-9 months||Formal peer-review process||Preserved by libraries and publishers|
|Book||Very slow, avg 1-3 years||Editorial process, not peer-review||Preserved by libraries and publishers|
You will learn more about these formats in the next few sections.