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Science Information Cycle: What is Peer Review?


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What is Peer Review?

Peer review is a critical component of the scientific method in scholarly communication.

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  1. Scientist writes a paper and submits it to a journal.
  2. Journal editor sends the paper to other scientists for anonymous review of quality and originality:
    • Was the work done properly?
    • Does the discovery contribute something new?
    • Is the subject matter appropriate for this journal?
    • Is the paper written well enough for other scientists to understand it?
  3. Editor uses the reviewers’ comments and recommendations to accept the paper or to reject it. Most accepted papers require revisions to become a
    scholarly article.

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