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Science Information Cycle: Citation Elements

 

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Basic Citation Elements

Tip

Remember: A paraphrase may be your words but your words are describing someone else's idea. That idea is considered intellectual property and it needs to be protected.

Every citation, no matter what style, has certain components that need to be present. A journal article citation always includes the information below. Click each one to see how it might be formatted in a citation, depending on the style:

  • Author
  • Title of article
  • Title of the journal
  • Year of publication
  • Volume and issue number
  • Page numbers or Article identification number

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

Haas FL, et al. Induction of mutations to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 2001; 65(3): 354.

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